1 applies the law
ADJ. experienced | learned | senior | presiding, trial | deputy | appeal (court), appellate, circuit, county court, district, federal, High Court, Supreme Court
VERB + JUDGE be, sit as By next year you could be sitting as a High Court judge. | appoint (sb as)
JUDGE + VERB preside, sit Which judge will be sitting next week? | call sb The judge called the remaining witness for the Crown. | direct sb The judge must direct the jury on points of law. | consider sth | accept sth, admit sth The judge admitted the notes of the interview as evidence. | dismiss sth, refuse sth, reject sth The trial judge dismissed her compensation claim. | conclude sth, decide sth, find sth, hold sth, rule sth, uphold sth The judge held that the company had been negligent. | sum up The judge summed up and the jury retired to consider its verdict. | sentence sb | order sth The judge ordered the company to pay compensation to the claimant. | award (sb) sth, grant (sb) sth The judge awarded him damages of £20,000.
2 decides who has won a competition
ADJ. competition | independent
QUANT. panel a panel of independent judges
VERB + JUDGE choose sb/sth, decide sth
PHRASES the judges' decision The judges' decision on the entries is final.
3 has the ability/knowledge to give an opinion
ADJ. astute, good, great, shrewd You are the best judge of what your body needs. a shrewd judge of character | poor | impartial
PREP. ~ of He is a good judge of footballing talent.
ADV. correctly, rightly | wrongly I think I judged the distance wrongly. | fairly, properly | harshly I think you're judging her rather harshly. | objectively | beautifully, carefully, finely, nicely, perfectly, well Their performance of the concerto was beautifully judged and finely controlled. ‘There's something I haven't told you.’ She judged her words carefully. The bowler judged it well, timing the ball to perfection. | accordingly Those who preach intolerance should be judged accordingly.
VERB + JUDGE be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to | be able to, be in a position to I am in no position to judge whether what she is doing is right or wrong. | learn to learning to judge distances
PREP. according to He believed that schools should be judged according to strictly academic criteria. | against judging his own performance against the performance of others | by You will be judged by the work you have produced over the year. | from The age of the furniture can be judged from the type of wood used. | on Your slogan will be judged on its originality and style.
PHRASES criteria for judging People use different criteria for judging success at school. | don't judge a book by its cover (figurative) (= don't judge sth by how it looks), judge by appearances, judging by/from sth He seems to have been a popular person, judging by the number of people at his funeral. | to judge by/from To judge from what she said, she was very disappointed. | judge for youself Readers are left to judge for themselves whether McCrombie is hero or villain. | judge sth on its merits Each painting must be judged on its own merits.